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Nokia Corporation - Finnish transnational company, a manufacturer of telecommunications equipment for mobile, fixed, broadband and IP-based networks, a map service developer here.com, a former manufacturer of smartphones and mobile phones.
As of early 2013, the company employs just under 100 thousand. Employees at the end of the 2000s, the number of employees reached 132 thousand. Man. The company's products are sold in more than 150 countries around the world. From the 2000s to 2011, held the largest share in the mobile phone market, as of 2012 - in second place with a share of 19% (after Samsung with 22%). In 2011-2012, Nokia began to actively cooperate with the US giant Microsoft, in fact refusing to support its own operating system for mobile devices, Symbian and MeeGo operating system development by going to the Windows Phone platform. In the fall of 2013, Nokia announced the sale of its mobile business for Microsoft 5.44 billion euros. In April 2015 an agreement was signed letter of intent with Alcatel-Lucent, under which this company will be acquired for $ 15.6 billion.
The company's headquarters is located in Espoo, a satellite town of Helsinki.
The beginning of the company's history was in 1865 when mining engineer Fredrik IDEST (Fin. Knut Fredrik Idestam) founded in Tampere, in southwestern Finland, a small paper factory. Owned company it was in 1871 renamed Nokia Ab.
At the end of the XIX century Mehelina plans to expand its business to generate electricity and produce cables at odds with the ideas Idestama. In 1896 IDEST departed from Nokia Ab control, and which took place Mehelin president was able to push through his idea to the shareholders. In 1902, power generation was one of the activities of the company Nokia Ab.
Founded in 1898, the company for the production of rubber products Finnish Rubber Works in 1922 gained control over the company Nokia Ab and over founded in 1912 by the production of cables Finnish Cable Works, and in 1967 there was a formal merger of the three companies into one . To this operation to satisfy the then Finnish law, formally Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable Works have joined Nokia Ab, the smallest of the three.
The combined company had five main activities: the production of rubber products (modern company Nokian), cables and electronics, wood processing and power generation. Over the years, they added a few minor, for example, the production of hunting rifles, plastics and chemicals.
The new company was engaged in various manufacturing, creating a certain period of paper products, car and bicycle tires, footwear, various cables, televisions and other consumer electronics, personal computers, electric generators, robotics, capacitors, military communications and equipment (such as encryption text communicator Sanomalaite M / 90 and M61 gas mask for the Finnish army), plastics, aluminum and chemicals. Each production had its own director who reported to the first President of Nokia Corporation, Björn Wästerlund. As president of the Finnish Cable Works, he was responsible for creating and organizing in 1960 the first department of electronics in the company by investing in the future of telecommunications Nokia.
Since the beginning of the 1980s the company began to actively promote the development and manufacture of electronics, aided by the purchase of a number of electronics companies. In 1987, the company's main business is becoming consumer electronics, in particular, the company has become the third largest TV manufacturer in Europe.
In the late 1980s, the company got into a crisis, helped by a general downturn in the global economy. The crisis was overcome business restructuring, the rejection of most of the activities and
focus on new technologies - in particular, the development of the telecommunications division.
As a separate company in 1988, the company was spun off Nokian Renkaat, which since 1967 is its "rubber" division, from that moment on Nokian Renkaat has nothing to do with Nokia.
In 1960, AT & T is developing the first commercial modem, and in 1963, Bell System produces the first radiotelephone. However, the industry still reigns conservatism commonly used electromechanical and analog switches, and nobody thinks about the transition to "figure". Nevertheless, the company is making a bold move and develops a digital switch based on pulse code modulation. In 1969, Nokia is the first company, which manufactures transmission equipment PCM that meets the standards of the International Advisory Committee for the telephony and telegraphy. Entering the digital age, before all, Nokia is doing the most important strategic decision in its history. In the 1970s, it released digitally Nokia DX 200 switch for automatic telephone exchanges, allowing the company successfully enters the telecommunications market. The versatility of the device and the flexibility of its architecture has allowed the company to build on its basis a variety of communication devices.
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